Navassa is a small, uninhabited, and isolated oceanic island located in the Windward Passage approximately 55 km west of the southwestern tip of Haiti. The Island is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as a U.S. National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge includes a 12 mile radius of marine habitat. Because of its remote location and uninhabited status, Navassa’s surrounding marine ecosystem is relatively healthy. Although there are no permanent residents, transient Haitian subsistence fishers regularly visit the island.
Navassa is a small isolated island (about 3.5 km2) which arises abruptly from fairly deep water about 55km west of the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti.
Satellite image of Navassa Island, an uninhabited U.S. possession in the Caribbean Sea located between Haiti and Jamaica. A shallow reef is present at the northwestern tip of the island. Most bottom depths adjacent to shore begin at 20 meters.
State of the Reefs Reports (SOTR)
The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2008.
The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely
Associated States: 2005.
State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely
Associated States: 2002.
Metadata, Data and Publications search in CoRIS
Search the CoRIS Data & Publications Section for Navassa metadata, data and publications.
ReefBase Coral Bleaching Reports
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Order to delegate the Secretary of the Interior's responsibilities for the administration
of Navassa Island to the Director of the Office of Insular Affairs and
to establish the process for entry onto Navassa.
Order No. 3205
Guano Act 1856
Note on the legal history of Navassa Island
CoRIS Essay on Navassa
Education and Outreach
Navassa National Wildlife Refuge Fact Sheet
Marine Protected Areas/Marine Managed Areas
National Marine Fisheries Service Inventory of Marine Managed Areas
Report on the Status of Marine Protected Areas in Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States. Volume 1: Marine Protected Areas Managed by U.S. States,Territories, and Commonwealths. NOAA Technical Memorandum CRCP 2 February 2007
Marine Protected Areas of the United States Home Page
The Marine Protected Areas Inventory
Federal MPA Legislation
Marine Federal Areas Fact Sheet
Executive order 13158: Marine Protected Areas
MPA Virtual Library
Marine Protected Areas of the United States: Navassa
Navassa National Wildlife Refuge
USCRTF Partner Activities
U.S. Department of the Interior/ US Geological Service
Navassa Island: A Photographic Tour
Highlights and Press Releases
Treasure Trove of Species Found on Caribbean Isle
Scientists Give Glowing Report of Untouched Island