Content on this page was last updated in 2006. Some of the content may be out of date. For more information: http://coralreef.noaa.gov/
Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI):
Ref. 1. The Hawaiian Archipelago (http://www.hawaii-nation.org/archip.html)
Ref. 2. Raising hot spots. News notes. Geotimes. November 2000. American Geological Institute. (http://www.geotimes.org/nov00/hotspot.html)
Ref. 3. Navigating Change: 2003-2004 Voyage to Papahanaumokuakea. Polynesian Voyaging Society (http://pvs.kcc.hawaii.edu/holokai/2004/papahanaumokuakea.html)
Ref. 4. Bishop Museum Research Expeditions to the NWHI (http://www.bishopmuseum.org/research/nwhi/history.html)
Ref.5. Polynesian Voyaging Society. The Discovery and Settlement of Polynesia http://pvs.kcc.hawaii.edu/ike/moolelo/discovery_and_settlement.html)
Ref. 6. NWHI Multi-agency Education Project (http://www.hawaiianatolls.org/research/NWHIRAMP2004/
Ref. 7. Bishop Museum, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/noaanwhi/index.asp)
Ref. 8. Reef oceanography (http://www.hawaiianatolls.org/research/NWHIRAMP2004/
Ref. 9. J Maragos and D Gulko (eds). 2002. Coral reef ecosystems of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands: Interim results emphasizing the 2000 surveys. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Hawai’i Department of Land and natural Resources, Honolulu, Hawai’i. 46 pp.
Ref. 10. S. S. Midway Expedition - Trip Report May 21, 1999 - June 16, 1999. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Prepared by Forest Starr and Kim Martz. July 1999
Ref. 11. Friedlander, A, G. Aeby, R. Brainard, A.Clark, E. DeMartini, S. Godwin, J. Kenyon, R. Kosaki, J. Maragosand P.Vroom. 2005. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Pp.270-311. In: Waddell, J.E., (ed.), 2005. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2005. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 11. NOAA/NCCOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment' Biogeography Team. Silver Spring, MD. 522pp
Ref. 12. Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and S.H. Sohmer, 1990. Manual of Flowering Plants of Hawaii, 2 vols. University of Hawaii Press and Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu.
Ref. 13. Rohmann, SO, Hayes, JJ, Newhall, RC, Monaco, ME, Grigg, RW (2005). The area of potential shallow-water tropical and subtropical coal ecosystems in the United States. Coral Reefs 24(3):370 - 383.
References - Data collection
Gallia Friedlander, A.M., and DeMartini, E.E. 2002. Contrasts in density, size, and biomass of reef fishes between the northwestern and main Hawaiian islands: the effects of fishing down apex predators. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 230:253-264.
Friedlander, A., Aeby, G., Brainard, R., Brown, E., Clark, A., Coles, S., DeMartini, E., Dollar, S., Godwin, S., Hunter, C., Jokiel P., Kenyon, J., Kosaki, R., Maragos, J., Vroom, P., Walsh, B., Williams, I., and Wiltse, W. 2004. Status of coral reefs in the Hawaiian Archipelago. In Status of Coral Reefs of the World (Ed. C. Wilkinson):2004. 2: 411-430.
Kenyon, J.C., Brainard, R.E., Hoeke, R.K., Parrish, F.A. and Wilkinson, C.B. 2004. Towed-diver surveys, A method for mesoscale spatial assessment of benthic reef habitat: A case study at Midway Atoll in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Proc. Coastal Zone Asia Pacific Conference, pp. 348-356.
J Maragos and D Gulko (eds). 2002. Coral reef ecosystems of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands: Interim results emphasizing the 2000 surveys. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Hawai'i Department of Land and natural Resources, Honolulu, Hawai'i. 46 pp.
Maragos, J.E., Potts, D.C., Aeby, G., Gulko, D., Kenyon, J., Siciliano, D. and VanRavenswaay, D. 2004. 2000-2002 Rapid ecological assessment of corals (Anthozoa) on shallow reefs of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Part 1: Species and distribution. Pacific Science 58(2): 211-230.
Preskitt, L.B., Vroom, P.S., and Smith, C.M. 2004. A rapid ecological assessment (REA) quantitative survey method for benthic algae using photoquadrats with scuba. Pacific Science 58(2): 201-209.